WASP and Mario Cucinella Architects (MC A) launch an innovative 3D printed habitat model in Massa Lombarda (RA). Born from a vision, that of giving everyone the opportunity to have a home, in a historical period of exponential increase in population and consequent lack of housing, TECLA is a new circular model of dwelling entirely created with reusable and recyclable materials, collected from the local terrain. Built using Crane WASP, WASP’s latest 3D technology in the construction sector, it represents a very significant step towards eco-sustainable building.

 

 

 

 

“WASP takes its inspiration from the Vespo wasp. We create 3D printed houses using Km0 land in a sustainability perspective. The oldest material and the most advanced technology come together to give new hope to the world. A year ago, GAIA was born, the first 3D printed house in raw earth. Today, with our partners we are building TECLA, a whole environmentally sustainable 3D printed habitat. The planet call us to a common project that we have shared with Mario Cucinella.”

 Massimo Moretti

“Together with WASP we want to develop an innovative 3D printed habitat prototype that responds to the increasingly urgent climate revolution and the needs of changes dictated by community needs. We need a paradigm shift in the field of architecture that is close to people’s needs and that, in the ‘earth’, there is an answer for the ‘Earth’. A collaboration that becomes the union between empathic architecture and the application of new technologies.”

 


Mario Cucinella

 

A United Nations report published in 2017 estimates that the world population of 7.6 billion will reach 1.2 billion 2100 and as early as 2030 about 5 billion people will live in cities. Consequently, governments will need to interface with the challenges related to housing solutions. This is the idea of a city that needs to be renewed.

 

Designed by Mario Cucinella Architects and Engineered and Built by WASP
Inspired by the Vespa Vasaia, since 2012, WASP has been developing construction processes based on the principles of the circular economy, capable of realising 3D printed houses in the shortest possible time and in the most sustainable way. TECLA is the first habitat built using simultaneously multiple Crane WASP collaborative printers and offers the opportunity for an unprecedented architectural scenario. In the context of a wider settlement, TECLA has the potential to become a construction model in completely self-sufficient eco-districts.

 

 

 

TECLA Will be the First Habitat Entirely Printed in 3D using only the Raw Earth Available at the Place of Construction
A biodegradable and recyclable zero-kilometre material that will effectively make the construction free of any form of waste. Designed to adapt to multiple environmental conditions, the entire process can be realised and self-produced thanks to the technological support supplied with the WASP Maker Economy Starter Kit. This approach will limit the production industrial waste and provide a sustainable model capable of giving a significant boost to national and local economies, improving the well-being of the communities involved. The proposed scenario will help speed up the construction process thanks to the fundamental help of 3D technology in producing the entire structure in a single solution.

 

 

 

TECLA was Developed by SOS – School of Sustainability
A professional course founded by Mario Cucinella that combines education, research and practice. The research, conducted also with the support of the students of the Sustainable Environmental Design program of the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, investigated the causes and effects of the condition of lack of homes. The course analyses the use of technological tools to promote constructive solutions, based on case studies in places with different climatic conditions. The result of this research is a highly flexible building envelope, designed to be resilient and energy efficient depending on the environmental context, with an efficiency that traditional technologies cannot reach.

 

 

 

 

Partners and Technology
The collaboration between WASP and MC A was supported by Mapei, a manufacturer of building materials globally, which analyses the raw earth and the basic components to perfect the mixture used in the printing phase. Milan Ingegneria, one of the most famous Italian architectural engineering firms, conducted structural tests and optimised the construction geometry towards the definition of a self-supporting structure. The windows, entirely customised and highly efficient, have been engineered and produced by Capoferri, a specialised company that is constantly looking for technical innovation. Frassinago, a multidisciplinary company that includes a design studio and a section that deals with gardens and exteriors, oversaw the landscape design. RiceHouse has offered valuable technical advice on the subject of bio-materials from rice cultivation waste, used to give optimal conditions of internal comfort as well as very high thermal insulation performance. The lighting project, developed both inside and outside the building with the aim of obtaining the maximum flexibility of the intervention, was created by Lucifero’s.

 

The building, called TECLA, is one of the imaginary cities described by Italo Calvino in the novel “The Invisible Cities” and it explains technological innovation with respect to the environments natural processes.

 

The project was under construction September 2019 and work is expected to be completed by the beginning of 2020. Starting with the first prototype built in Massa Lombarda, the intention is to extend to smart communities around the world.